The latest buzzword in the world of TVs and smartphones is High Dynamic Range (HDR). Many of us might already know that an HDR TV improves the viewing experience by offering better picture quality, just like people who use the latest smartphones know that turning on the HDR mode in the camera helps in capturing more lively pictures. In November 2017, the HDMI forum officially released HDMI 2.1 adding more to our joy, by offering the new and improved HDR. The announcement goes on to say “Dynamic HDR support ensures every moment of a video is displayed at its ideal values for depth, detail, brightness, contrast and wider color gamuts—on a scene-by-scene or even a frame-by-frame basis”. Before we explore HDR and Dynamic HDR in detail, let’s first understand how Standard Dynamic Range (SDR) works.
Synopsys recently announced the fastest, and most power efficient DDR5 and LPDDR5 IP solutions. Industry’s first LPDDR5 controller, PHY, and verification IP solution supports data rates up to 6400 Mbps with up to 40% less area than previous generations. The LPDDR5 IP provides significant area and power savings for mobile and automotive SoCs with its dual-channel memory interface option that shares common circuitry between independent channels. The DesignWare DDR5 IP, operating at up to 4800 Mbps data rates, can interface with multiple DIMMs per channel up to 80 bits wide, delivering the fastest DDR memory interface solution for artificial intelligence (AI) and data center system-on-chips (SoCs). The DDR5 and LPDDR5 controller and PHY seamlessly interoperate via the latest DFI 5.0 interface.
We recently published the VIP Newsletter for Q4 2018, containing trending topics, leading solutions, in depth technical articles, videos, webinars, and updates on next generation protocols. The newsletter covers content on PCIe 5.0, Arm® AMBA® 5 ACE5 and AXI5, CCIX and next generation MIPI and display protocols and applications ranging from AI, Cloud, Display, Storage and Networking. In case you missed the latest buzz on Verification IP, you can read it here.
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HDMI 2.1/2.0 bring significant improvements over previous versions in terms of speed, data integrity, and mode of data transmission. For more details on how HDMI has evolved, read our previous blog – HDMI 1.4 to 2.1: How it Became the Most Popular Display Interface.
Next generation SoC designs require faster coherent interconnects for high performance applications such as machine learning, network processing, storage off-load, in-memory data base and 4G/5G wireless technology. CCIX (Cache Coherent Interconnect for Accelerators), a new protocol standard, provides benefits of cache coherency and peer processing which enables the faster interconnect. CCIX is designed smartly to use the well-established PCIe infrastructure to carry coherency packets across the link with little modification. CCIX specification is compatible with PCIe base specification 4.0. PCIe implementation is extended to implement a CCIX transaction layer, responsible for carrying the coherency messages.
DSC has enabled the use of high resolution displays in televisions, PC monitors, mobiles, and automotive infotainment systems. It provides a high quality, low latency algorithm to resolve the bottleneck of high bandwidth requirements needed to support the high resolution.
We recently published the VIP Newsletter for Q3 2018, containing trending topics, leading solutions, in depth technical articles, videos, webinars, and updates on next generation protocols. The newsletter covers content on DFI 5.0 for DDR5/LPDDR5, NVMe 1.3, USB 3.2, PCIe 5.0, next generation gaming displays, MIPI CSI-2 v2.1 for Automotive and IoT, and Verdi performance analyzer and protocol debug. In case you missed the latest buzz on Verification IP, you can read it here.
The growth of datacenter, storage, automotive and other emerging market applications is driving the development of next-generation memory technologies – DDR5, LPDDR5. Like their predecessors, the latest memory technologies also use DFI, a standard interface between memory controller and PHY, to reduce the integration cost and increase performance and data throughput efficiency. DFI also has evolved along with the memory technologies, and next generation DFI 5.0 is here to ensure higher performance in the systems using DDR5/LPDDR5. In this blog, we will discuss the new features of DFI 5.0 specification.
The HDMI forum officially released HDMI 2.1 in November, 2017. Gamers around the world saw a new ray of hope in the new features announced in the latest specification – “Enhanced refresh rate features ensure an added level of smooth and seamless motion and transitions for gaming, movies and video” (Ref: HDMI Forum releases v2.1 of the HDMI specification). These features include Variable Refresh Rate (VRR), Quick Mode Switching (QMS), and Quick Frame Transport (QMT).
Debugging the complex serial protocols is the biggest challenge verification engineers face. It’s one of the most time and effort consuming activity affecting the schedule of every project. Traditional debug methodologies use a combination of loosely connected waveforms, log files, messages, and documentation, which are insufficient for productive debugging. Debugging SoC and block level issues using log files is tedious and time consuming. Design problems that appear in the later phases of the development cycle can be extremely difficult to track down and debug, thus putting project schedules at risk.